Description: The Old Manse is a nine-acre property in Concord, Massachusetts. Built in 1770 for minister William Emerson (1743-1776), The Old Manse became the center of Concord’s political, literary, and social revolutions over the course of the next century. After Emerson’s death during the Revolutionary War, his wife Phebe Bliss Emerson married Rev. Ezra Ripley and retained ownership of the house. In the mid-19th Century, leading Transcendentalists such as Bronson Alcott, Henry David Thoreau, and Margaret Fuller discussed the issues of the day here. Ralph Waldo Emerson drafted his essay “Nature” while living at the Old Manse. Nathaniel Hawthorne, who lived at the Manse from 1842-1845, wrote "Mosses from An Old Manse" at the property. The Trustees purchased the property in 1939. The Old Manse was designated National Historic Landmark in 1966.